There is a risk associated with carbon capture and storage chain. This is addressed by a nongovernmental organization called the International Performance Assessment Centre for geological storage of carbon dioxide. It is also called as IPAC-Co2 which was established in the year 2009. This organization is funded by the Canadian government and government of Saskatchewan. To know more about IPAC-Co2, you can read the article below.
This environmental organization along with the Canadian Standards Association came up with a standard for the geologic storage of Co2. The rules are developed for Canada and the United States. Experts are reviewing the standards framed by the IPAC-Co2, NGO’s and government regulators from Canada and United States.
Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) is a process which includes the separation of Co2 from various energy-related sources, moving it to a storage location, isolation of Co2 from the atmosphere. The Co2 emission from industrial plants can be reduced by using the carbon capture units. The CCS standard served as a basis for the International standards so that it meets the International Organization of Standards (ISO).
These standards would offer confidence in the regular use and storage of Co2 for industrial needs. It would be a perfect Co2 mitigation option said the Chief Executive Officer of IPAC –Co2. The development of standards for the CCS process would help in reducing the greenhouse gases and combats the climatic challenges.
CSA Z741 geological storage standards offer the necessary guidelines and regulations for the industry which undertake CSS projects. The standards come up with specific requirements and specific recommendations for the storage of Co2 and ensuring the safety of containment of Co2. Thus you can store the Co2 for a long-term without any environmental issues. It avoids the risk due to the storage of Co2. The government came up with innovative projects so that they can improve the economy and offer jobs to people. This would provide long-term prosperity for the country. The CCS standards developed help in creating a global presence for carbon capture and storage process.
The standard comes with a transparent process where it offers the rules for the geologic storage of Co2. This would help to come up with growth plans with the CCS process and reach the greenhouse emission goals. This standard assists in the use of coal for generating electricity. This would reduce the cost of electricity generation.
The IPAC was the first to come up with standards for the safe storage of Co2. The rules included recommendations that made the storage reliable and sustainable. There was an increase in the emission of greenhouse gases due to the production of fossil fuel and its combustion. The greenhouse gas emission reached a record high of nearly 31.6 gigatonnes. This was a significant threat to the environment. The IPAC Co2 came up with CSS standards that helped in mitigating the emission of greenhouse gases.
The standard also identified the risks and problems associated with the long-term storage of Co2. The CCS formulated specific standards and addressed to avoid the risk of storing Co2 gas.
Each year CSS comes with eight large-scale projects that store nearly 23 million tones of Co2. Thus there would be an increase in the use of stored Co2 for large-scale projects. The CCS research offers ways so that the geologic storage of Co2 is safe and reliable. It makes sure that the storage of Co2 is environmentally safe and permits long-term storage.
The IPAC CCS standards are followed in various applications like saline aquifers, hydrocarbon reservoirs, etc. The standard also comes with a recommendation for the proper design, operation, and construction of the Co2 storage sites. The CCS also takes control of the maintenance of the storage sites. There are also recommendations for risk management, assessment, mitigation of the storage of Co2.
To know more about the features and functions of IPAC-Co2 you can visit their website. The website details the functioning and recommendation of the standards that are formulated for the CCS process. The IPAC CCS standards and recommendation are the need of the hour as it avoids the risk of long-term
storage of Co2 gas. It is a public regulatory standard issued for the welfare of the general public.